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Comprehensive, fun, easy-to-follow Spanish courses of video lessons (with notes), conversation audios (with transcripts), interactive exercises (with answers), and texts (with transcripts).

THIS VIDEO / MP3 LESSON IS AVAILABLE WITH THE FULL BEGINNER SPANISH COURSE

 

In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn some irregular Spanish verbs in the present tense that change letters within them from O to UE. Irregularities like this are tricky and a bit of a headache, but there are irregularities in every language and it is never as difficult as it first appears to conquer them. Here we see how certain Spanish verbs, such as “Poder” (can), change in the Spanish present tense (things we usually do) for the persons: yo, tú, usted, él, ella, ustedes and ellos. As you see, this rule does not apply to nosotros and vosotros. With yo/I, for example, you might think that “I can” would be: “yo podo”. This would be the most logical conjugation (modification of the verb from its base form) following the rules of conjugating “regular” Spanish verbs in the present tense. However, with “Poder” (and other verbs we will see in this lesson) we change the “O” to “UE” and say “yo puedo”. This is the second in a series of five Spanish lessons on this subject so be patient and don’t try to remember everything all at once.

Lesson notes:

Poder: can
(yo) puedo: I can
(tú) puedes: you can
(usted) puede: you can(formal)
(él/ella) puede: he/she can
(nosotros) podemos: we can
(vosotros) podéis: you (group) can
(ustedes) pueden: you (group) can (formal)
(ellos) pueden: they can
Encontrar: to find
Volver: to return
Dormir: to sleep
Costar: to cost
Recordar: to remember
Acostarse: to go to bed

Activity:

Translate the following…

He sleeps
You (group) find
It costs
I remember
They go to bed

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Pienso
Perdemos
Se despiertan
Quieres
Empieza

 

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