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In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn some irregular Spanish verbs in the present tense that change letters within them from E to IE. Irregularities like this are tricky and a bit of a headache, but there are irregularities in every language and it is never as difficult as it first appears to conquer them. Here we see how certain Spanish verbs, such as “Entender” (to understand), change in the Spanish present tense (things we usually do) for the persons: yo, tú, usted, él, ella, ustedes and ellos. As you see, this rule does not apply to nosotros and vosotros. With yo/I, for example, you might think that “I understand” would be: “yo entendo”. This would be the most logical conjugation (modification of the verb from its base form) following the rules of conjugating “regular” Spanish verbs in the present tense. However, with “Entender” (and other verbs we will see in this lesson) we change the “E” to “IE” and say “yo entiendo”. This is the first in a series of five Spanish lessons on this subject so be patient and don’t try to remember everything all at once.

Lesson notes:

Entender: to understand
(yo) entiendo: I understand
(tú) entiendes: you understand
(usted) entiende: you understand (formal)
(él/ella) entiende: he/she understands
(nosotros) entendemos: we understand
(vosotros) entendéis: you (group) understand
(ustedes) entienden: you (group) understand (formal)
(ellos) entienden: they understand
Querer: to want
Comenzar/empezar: to start
Perder: to lose
Pensar: to think
Despertarse: to wake up


Translate the following…

I think:
We lose:
They wake up:
You want :
You start (formal):

Here are the answers to the last activity:

El siete de octubre
El quince de abril
El treinta y uno de diciembre
El uno de julio
El veintiséis de agosto

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