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More about “El verbo Tener” (the verb “To have” – I have, you have, he/she/it has, we have, you have, they have) in relation to the family in Spanish. The verb “To have” is a very useful verb to know. It is one of those verbs that we use all of the time. In our previous Spanish lesson we learned how to conjugate/modify from its basic form “El verbo Tener” for all of the different persons and now we are going to put what we have learned into practice. For example, “I have” is “Yo tengo” or simply “Tengo” in Spanish, so we can say: “I have a daughter”: “Tengo una hija”. The key at this stage is to remember how to conjugate each verb we see correctly for all persons. This is very tricky at first and don’t be surprised if you get a little frustrated. Spanish grammar in this respect is more complicated than English, but it is certainly not impossible and with a bit of practice you will find yourself remembering long lists of verbs and their respective conjugations off by heart in no time. I should also point out that Spanish grammar is by no means “more complicated” than English in every respect. There are times when you will be treated to some amazingly easy lessons and there are many instances where English is a lot more complicated than Spanish.

Lesson notes:

¿Cuántos / Cuántas: How many?
¿Cuántos hijos tienes? : How many children have you got?
¿Cuántas hijas tienes? : How many daughters have you got?
¿Cuántos años tienes?: How old are you?
¿Tienes hijos?: Have you got any children?
¿Tiene hijos?: Have you got any children? (formal)
Tengo una hija: I have a daughter
Lola tiene tres primos: Lola has three cousins.
¿Tenéis hijos?:Have you (group) got any children?
¿Tienen hijos?:Have you (group) got any children?(formal)
Tenemos tres hijos: We have three children
Lola y Ramón tienen seis nietos: Lola and Ramón have six grandchildren
pero: but

Activity:

Read the text, answer the questions and try to write something similar about yourself…

“Hola. Soy Clara. Tengo treinta y cinco años. Mi marido es José. Él tiene treinta y ocho años. Tenemos dos hijos y una hija, Miguel, Roberto y Teresa. No tengo hermanos, pero tengo dos primos: Jorge y Javier.”

¿Cuántos hijos tiene Clara?
¿Cuántos años tiene José?
¿Clara tiene hermanos?

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Mi madre tiene tres hermanos.
Yo tengo cuarenta y dos años.
¿Usted tiene hijos?
Nosotros no tenemos primos.
Mis tíos tienen cincuenta y tres años.

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