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Download the complete Spanish courses

Comprehensive, fun, easy-to-follow Spanish courses of video lessons (with notes), conversation audios (with transcripts), interactive exercises (with answers), and texts (with transcripts).

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Use the player below to listen to the Spanish audio:

In Spanish:

Zaragoza se vio gravemente afectada por los tres años de la Guerra Civil Española entre 1936 y 1939. Fue bombardeada y sus aldeas se quedaron divididas y en la pobreza.

La Guerra Civil Española fue un conflicto feroz entre nacionalistas y republicanos. La ganaron los nacionalistas liderados por el fascista general Franco, que más tarde pasó a colaborar con Hitler y Mussolini. Zaragoza era esencialmente una zona republicana, pero opuso poca resistencia a las tropas franquistas. Miles de enemigos republicanos fueron brutalmente asesinados tras la victoria de Franco.

La Segunda Guerra Mundial siguió poco después del final de la Guerra Civil española y a pesar de la asociación de Franco con Hitler y Mussolini, España se mantuvo oficialmente neutral. Como resultado, el medio físico de España acabó casi completamente intacto.

La segunda mitad del siglo XX ha experimentado un crecimiento considerable en la economía de Zaragoza con la apertura de numerosas fábricas y una población en auge. En 1982 se inauguró una fábrica de Opel de General Motors, que se convirtió en uno de los pilares de la economía local.

In English:

Zaragoza was severely affected by the three year Spanish Civil War between 1936 and 1939. It was bombed and its towns were left in poverty and division.

The Spanish Civil War was a fierce conflict between Nationalists and Republicans. It was won by the Nationalists led by the fascist General Franco, who then went on to collaborate with Hitler and Mussolini. Zaragoza was essentially a Republican area, but put up little resistance to the Francoist troops. Thousands of Republican enemies were brutally killed after Franco achieved victory.

World War II followed soon after the end of the Spanish Civil War and, despite Franco’s association with Hitler and Mussolini, Spain remained officially neutral. As a result Spain’s physical environment came out largely unscathed.

The second half of the twentieth century saw considerable growth in Zaragoza’s economy with the opening of numerous factories and a booming population. A General Motors Opel factory was opened in 1982 and became one of the pillars of the local economy.

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