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The Spanish “G” has various different pronunciations and I will now explain the rules of how to identify which sound to pronounce depending on the letter’s location in a word.
1. When you combine a “G” with a consonant or when the “G” is located in front of an “A”, “O” or “U”, it sounds like an English “G” such as that found in words like “goose” or “game”.
2. The “G” sound changes when it is located in front of an “E” or an “I”. In these cases it sounds more like the Spanish “J”, or the English “H”, although a bit raspier.
3. When the “G” is located in front of an “UE” or “UI” its sound is like an English “G” again, as discussed previously. In these instances the pronunciation of the “U” is silent. For example, “Guerra” is spelled “G,U,E,R,R,A”, but we do not say “G U E RRA”, we say “Gerra”.
First, let´s practice the “G” when found before an “A”,”O”, “U” or a consonant.

Listen and repeat:

Gato: cat
Gusano: worm
Gota: drop
Ganso: goose
Grano: grain
Inglés: English
Goloso: sweet-toothed

Next, let´s practice the “G” when found before an “E” or an “I”.

Listen and repeat:

Generoso: generous
General: general
Gitano: gypsy
Agitar: to shake
Girar: to turn
Coger: to take
Gente: people

Finally, lets practice the “G” sound when found before “UE” or “UI”.

Listen and repeat: 

Guitarra: guitar
Guerra: war
Manguera: hose
Águila: eagle
Hamburguesa: burger
Portugués: Portuguese

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