Upper Intermediate Spanish Lesson 4: Spanish Indicative or Subjunctive when expressing opinion (Part 3)

This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


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In this free Spanish video lesson we will be looking more at how to decide whether to use the Spanish Indicativo or Subjuntivo when expressing opinion. This is the final part in a series of three Spanish video lessons looking at stating facts with the Spanish Indicative and making evaluations with the Spanish Subjunctive. Here we will expand on the Spanish structures for making evaluations with the Spanish Subjunctive, such as Es lógico que… (It’s logical that…), Es una pena que… (It’s a pity that…) and Es vergonzoso que… (It’s embarrassing that…), and show you some full example sentences to make it clearer how we use the different phrases. Try creating lots of your own practice sentences beginning with each of these new Spanish phrases. The key, as always, is to practice as much as you can with any new Spanish skills. If you don’t use these new structures you are very unlikely to remember them. The best place to store all of your information is in your head; not here on my website or on bits of paper dotted around the house. Remember that the Indicative is generally used to express factual information, certainty, and objectivity wheras the Subjunctive is used to express things like doubt, uncertainty, and subjectivity. We have already looked in great detail earlier in this course at the Spanish Indicative and Subjunctive and I recommend that you go back over any of the Spanish video lesson topics you are still not completely confident with.

Lesson notes:

Making evaluations + subjuntivo:

Es lógico que estemos cansados: It is logical that we are tired
Es normal que haga tanto frío: It is normal that it is so cold
Es una pena que Patricia se haya ido: It is a pity that Patricia has gone
Es malo que fumes tanto: It is bad that you smoke so much
Es probable que no salgamos este fin de semana: It is likely that we won´t go out this weekend
Es fundamental que estudies todos los días: It is fundamental that you study every day
Es importante que llames cuando llegues: It is important that you call when you arrive
Es triste que seas tan egoista: It is sad that you are so selfish
Es vergonzoso que nunca cocines: It is embarrassing that you never cook
Es injusto que yo siempre lave los platos: It is unfair that I always wash the dishes

Activity:

Make up your own sentences using the following phrases…

Es una pena
Es probable
Es importante
Es vergonzoso

Here are some possible answers to the last activity:

Es obvio que tienen que buscar trabajo
Es evidente que ella está enfadada
Es verdad que tengo un examen mañana
Está constatado que debemos cuidar el planeta

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Daily free Spanish lessons provided by Spanish Teacher Laura Garrido Eslava

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