Upper-Intermediate Spanish Lesson 1: Correlation between Spanish Indicative and Subjunctive

This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


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In this free Spanish video lesson we will look at the correlation between the Spanish Indicative and the Spanish Subjunctive. Specifically we will see example sentences in El Presente de subjuntivo with Presente de Indicativo, Pretérito Perfecto de Indicativo, Futuro Simple de Indicativo, and Imperativo alongside example sentences in El Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo with Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo, Pretérito Indefinido de Indicativo, and Condicional Simple. Try not to get flustered by the sound of all these long and very grand grammar titles. They sound a lot more frightening than they really are. Give yourself time to digest the key points little by little and practice as much as you can. In time everything will become clear and you will wonder what you were ever worrying about. Generally speaking the Indicative is used to express factual information, certainty, and objectivity wheras the Subjunctive is used to express things like doubt, uncertainty, and subjectivity. We have already looked in great detail earlier in this course at the Spanish Indicative and Subjunctive and I recommend that you go back over any of the Spanish video lesson topics you are still not 100% sure about. As I said before, these things take time to sink in fully, but sink in they will!

Lesson notes:

Presente de subjuntivo:

With presente de indicativo:
Su profesor le aconseja que estudie más: His teacher advises him to study more

With pretérito perfecto de indicativo:
Su profesor le ha aconsejado que estudie más: His teacher has advised him to study more

With futuro simple de indicativo:
Su profesor le aconsejará que estudie más: His teacher will advise him to study more

With imperativo:
Aconséjale que estudie más: Advise him to study more

Pretérito imperfecto de subjuntivo:

With pretérito imperfecto de indicativo:
Su profesor le aconsejaba que estudiara/estudiase más: His teacher used to advise him to study more

With pretérito indefinido de indicativo:
Su profesor le aconsejó que estudiara/estudiase más: His teacher advised him to study more

With condicional simple:
Su profesor le aconsejaría que estudiara/estudiase más: His teacher would advise him to study more

Activity:

Change the following sentence to all the different possibilities we have seen in the lesson…

Carlos le dice a María que coma más fruta

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Te agradecería que vinieras conmigo
Me gustaría que estudiase más
Sería conveniente que viajáramos el mes que viene
¿Le importaría que fuésemos al cine?

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